Dr. Lanthier's most recent project deals with water, and the ways in which people have understood and treated this most basic of commodities throughout history. Fresh water is becoming increasingly rare as the global population continues to grow and damage our fragile eco-system: competition for this scarce yet absolutely vital resource will shape the 21st century, particularly in a water-rich country like Canada. A better understanding of our historical attitudes towards water is necessary for the drafting of equitable and sustainable water policies in the near future.
In this course, students will examine the major developments that have marked the world since 1900. We will focus on political, economic, and social developments while covering topics such as colonization and decolonization, North-South relations, the two world wars, international organizations such as the League of Nations and the United Nations, the Middle East conundrum, and international disarmament.
Students will also have a chance to familiarize themselves with the discipline of History and with the important debates and varying interpretations of world events (for example, what was the cause of the World Wars, why certain parts of the world were much richer than others, and who won the Cold War?). By the end of the course, students will have a better understanding of the historical roots of current events and issues, something that will help them better understand the world that we live in.
Selected themes and historical approaches in European history; may include Europe's history of religious conflict, state formation, colonialism, nationalism, industrialization, revolution, total war, globalization, genocide, or environmental change. HIST 220 will introduce students to the methods of historical practice, including primary-source analysis, historical writing, library and research skills, and public history.
Survey of recent British history, with emphasis on de-colonization, emergence of the welfare state, new social movements and patterns of immigration, and Britain's changing relationship with Europe.
This course is an intermediate-level survey examining the many, often violent, transformations that occurred in European politics, society, and culture between the 1890s and 1950. We will start with the spread of industry and the growth of urban centres, and explore how these phenomena gave rise to artistic experimentation and novel lifestyles, all of which led to often bitter conflicts between progressives and conservatives. We will study how a host of political ideologies won adherents during the troubled 1920s and the chaotic 1930s; while we will naturally focus on Communist totalitarianism and various versions of fascism, we will also see how representative democracy attempted to defend and reinvent itself in many different, often dangerous, national contexts. Finally, we will of course spend a great deal of time on the two global conflicts that killed millions, changed borders, reinvented the relationship between the citizen and the state, and brought an end to Europe’s domination of the world.
Europe in the first half of the twentieth century. Themes include the imperialist system, two world wars and their aftermaths, political and social movements of the interwar years, the Depression, and the crisis of liberal democracy. Credit will only be granted for one of HIST 369 or 462.
Europe since the middle of the twentieth century. Themes include the Cold War, the development of separate social and political systems in Western and Eastern Europe, the emergence of the welfare state, and the problems of European integration.
World War I was one the great turning points of world history: the bloody, brutal birth of the 20th century, it was a watershed moment that gave birth to an era of imperial collapse and total war. The war itself, as well as its causes and ramifications, continue to fascinate both professional and armchair historians.
In this course, we will try to understand why the Great Powers of Europe went to war against each other in 1914. Over a hundred years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, this apparently simple question still cannot be answered in a completely satisfactory fashion. Scholarly disagreements over this question were once the result of patriotically-motivated attempts to blame one side or the other, but they are now indicative of deep divisions within academic history itself.
Looking at primary sources, we will examine the diplomatic, military, economic, and social causes of the war that have often been pointed to. But we will also study a century’s worth of historical interpretations to see what these tell us about the Great War and about the world it helped shape.