This courses focuses on the political, social, cultural, and intellectual history of Germany during Europe’s Long Nineteenth Century from the French Revolution to the First World War. We will examine conceptions of German identity prior to the creation of a German nation-state, and how the rise of Imperial Germany after 1871 shaped the process of identity formation. Special attention will be paid to the impact of revolutionary wars during the 19th century, Bismarckian foreign and domestic policies, and Germany’s role in the origins of World War I.
This course covers one of the most turbulent eras in European history, from the beginning of the 20th century to the start of the cold war. Its overarching focus is on Europe’s transformation from the center of imperialist world power at the turn of the 19th century to the nadir of a shattered continent following two world wars. The course concludes with an assessment of Europe’s emergence from the ashes of defeat in the Second World War, and its centrality to developments in the early cold war. It addresses social and cultural movements, economic changes, and political struggles.
Europe since the middle of the twentieth century. Themes include the Cold War, the development of separate social and political systems in Western and Eastern Europe, the emergence of the welfare state, and the problems of European integration.
The main focus of this course is on war as an engine of historical change from the late medieval age to modern times. It examines collective identities of social and cultural groups, nations, empires, and modern states in the context of war. We will analyze the concepts of limited vs. total war, and “conventional” vs. asymmetrical warfare. Our interdisciplinary approach to the subject involves exploring contemporary and historical debates about the nature of war, its causes, morality, and social, political, economic, and cultural functions.