My research and teaching focuses on the histories of international law, crime and punishment, and politics in British North America and post-Confederation Canada. My first book, Borderline Crime: Fugitive Criminals and the Challenge of the Border, 1819-1914 (Toronto: UTP and the Osgoode Society, 2016) examines how governments on both sides of the international boundary in northern North America struggled to deal with the omnipresent threat of migrating crime and criminals. It explores the migration and adaptation of international law ideas and their role in the formation of high government policy, as well as how 'low law' actors such as local sheriffs enacted their own transnational legal regimes to confront the threat that the boundary posed to the rule of law.
My new project examines the history of international law in Canada more broadly. Funded by a SSHRC Insight Development Grant, it explores the role and power of international legal order in British North America/Canada. It uses a series of cases studies involving marriage, Indigenous land rights, environmentalism and resource extraction, and war and armed resistance to show that, as the colonies and post-Confederation Canada emerged as state entities, the meaning of their statehood was being reshaped by shifting global legal doctrines.
With Angela Fernandez (Faculty of Law, University of Toronto) and Christopher Shorey (Lerners LLP), I am also writing a book on the case of the Frederic Gerring, Jr., a ship seized by Canada in the 1890's for illegal fishing in the North Atlantic. As the case wound its way from Nova Scotia, to the Supreme Court of Canada, and finally to an international arbitration tribunal, the Gerring became a symbol of deeply contested ideas about environmental protection, state jurisdiction on the oceans, and international law.
At UBC, I teach in the History Department and I am a core faculty member of the Law and Society Minor Programme. I have also recently completed a term as the chair of the Political History Group of the Canadian Historical Association.
An introduction to major turning points in Canadian history. Exploration of the social, political, cultural, and environmental transformations/revolutions that have shaped Canada from early European colonialism to the twenty-first century. HIST 235 will introduce students to the methods of historical practice, including primary-source analysis, historical writing, library and research skills, and public history.
Includes Aboriginal policy, immigration and national identity; Canada, Britain and the US; World Wars; economic modernization; the Great Depression; regionalism; political and social movements; and the creation of 'Canadian' culture. Credit will only be granted for one of HIST 325 or 426, if 426 was taken before 2007W.
This seminar examines the history of international law in Canada and its role in shaping Canadian international relations. Topics include the law of war and national self-defence, the emergence of international environmental law, and the growth of international human rights.