Bounty and Benevolence draws on a wide range of documentary sources to provide a rich and complex interpretation of the process that led to these historic agreements. The authors explain the changing economic and political realities of western Canada during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and show how the Saskatchewan treaties were shaped by long-standing diplomatic and economic understandings between First Nations and the Hudson...
The Mabo decisions and others that followed soon afterward ignited a political firestorm; they prompted the federal government to draft legislation in the form of the Native Title Act (and subsequent amendments) that undid the "damage" the court had wrought; and they led the Court to beat a retreat from its bold attempt to reconcile Aborigines and setder interests by adopting a revisionist historical and legal perspective. In his truly impressive survey, Russell pays particular attention to the role that the international civil rights movement of the post-Second World War era played in leading Australia to pass the federal Racial Discrimination Act, 1973, which had profound implications for Aborigines' rights.
Mi'kmaq Treaties on Trial: History, Land, and Donald Marshall Junior by William C. Wicken is reviewed.
"Indian Treaty-Making Policy in the United States and Canada, 1867-1877" by Jill St. Germain is reviewed.
"Handbook of the North American Indians, vol 12: Plateau" edited by Deward E. Walker is reviewed.
Some readers may be disappointed that has not taken the opportunity to wade into some of the debates that his earlier work has generated, such as the issue of the pre - contact location of the various Cree groups. Many of these debates appeal only to specialists, however, and this book is not aimed at them. It is written with commitment and passion. Ray argues that we need to develop a North American law that treats people who "have lived here since the world began" with respect. Ray was clearly dismayed at the finding of the Honourable Chief Justice of the British Columbia Supreme Court, Allan McEachern, in 1991. McEachern characterized the pre - contact life of the Gitksan and Wet'suwet'en culture as "nasty, brutish, and short". "Thomas Hobbes's theory of natural man," Ray writes, "which fell out of fashion in the 1700s, lingered like a dinosaur in the chief justice's courtroom." McEachern rejected virtually every scrap of the oral history testimony, concluding that this...