World-class science and technology developed in the Soviet Unionduring Stalin's dictatorial rule under conditions of politicalviolence, lack of international contacts, and severe restrictions onthe freedom of information. Stalin's Great Science: The Times andAdventures of Soviet Physicists is an invaluable book thatinvestigates this paradoxical success by following the lives and workof Soviet scientists - including Nobel Prize-winning...
Kojevnikov reviews The Red Rockets' Glare: Spaceflight and the Soviet Imagination, 1857-1957 by Asif A. Siddiqi.
Joravsky reviews Stalin's Great Science: The Times and Adventures of Soviet Physicists by Alexei B. Kojevnikov.
Kojevnikov reviews Pavlov's Physiology Factory: Experiment, Interpretation, Laboratory Enterprise by Daniel P. Todes.
"Einstein and Soviet Ideology" by Alexander Vucinich is reviewed.
"New Atlantis Revisited: Akademogorodok, the Siberian City of Science" by Paul R. Josephson is reviewed.
"Essays of a Soviet Scientist: A Revealing Portrait of a Life in Science and Politics" by Vitalii I. Gol'danskii is reviewed.
Kojevnikov reviews "Stalin's Captive: Nikolaus Riehl and the Soviet Race for the bomb" by Nikolaus Riehl and Frederick Seitz.
History of Russia from the time of Catherine the Great to the Russian Revolution with particular focus on social and cultural history.
The profound transformation of knowledge about the world in the context of the first global encounter of civilizations between 1450 and 1800. Explores the foundations for modern science.
Cross-listed with PHIL 360. What is science? There is no single answer, but to begin to understand it as a human practice, a body of knowledge, or an instrument for change, we will read some of the key classics in the history of science and use this understanding to address philosophical questions on the methods and scope of science. We will first read brief selections from Aristotle, Copernicus, and the leading seventeenth-century natural philosophers: Bacon, Galileo, Descartes, Boyle and Newton. Next we will read a survey of eighteenth-century science (Hankins), and an account of nineteenth-century British science (Laura Snyder, The Breakfast Club). We will finish with Thomas Kuhn's challenge to the claim that there is continuous scientific progress. There will be two midterm tests and one final exam, and one short essay on the Snyder book, based on an assigned question.
Science and the military-industrial complex; quantum and relativistic revolutions in physics; nuclear energy and weapons of mass destruction; international tensions, environmental damage, and global perils.
The seminar explores the international role of communist movements during the twentieth century, their ambitious or utopian goals and more modest, but impressive accomplishments. Particular attention will be paid to the following topics: the opposition to WWI and the principle of self-determination, communist internationalism and the rise of anti-imperialist movements, women’s equality project, ethnic minorities rights and affirmative action, government regulation and planning, public health care and higher education, labour movement and workers’ rights, military confrontation with international fascism and WWII, international peace movement, decolonization in Asia and Africa, the struggle against racism and segregation in the US and South Africa, communist sects (Anarchism, Stalinism, Trotskyism, Maoism, Eurocommunism), the fall of communist parties in Eastern Europe and their continuing influence in Asia.
Origins of Modern Science (The Scientific Revolution)
Cultural Histories of Science
History and Social Relations of Modern Science (19th-20th centuries)
The Nuclear Century: Atoms, Bombs, and World Perils
Newton, Einstein, Bohr: History and Philosophical Lessons of Modern Physics
Medieval and Imperial Russian History
The Soviet Union
Somaditya Banerjee, "Bhadralok Physics and the Establishment of Modern Science in India, 1900-1940"
Ken Corbett, "Chronic Anxieties: Railroad Time, Punctuality, and Modernity"
Isabel Izquierdo (UNAM, Mexico), "Immigration, Identity, and Knowledge Production: Ex-Soviet Scientists in Mexico in the 1990s"
Eric Michael Johnson, "The Struggle for Coexistence: Mutual Aid and the Political Ecology of Science in Transnational Perspective, 1859-1919"
Jean-Philippe Martinez (Universite Paris Diderot, France), "The Reception of Quantum Theory in the USSR"
Lee Nelson (Science and Technology Studies, UBC)