Data on prices published in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries have been transformed into machine-readable form. The original goal was to examine changes in prices and their relation to international trade in early modern Europe. That led in turn to a broader search for data on prices beginning in the High Middle Ages and going down to 1914. With the larger collection of figures studies of market integration became possible. Through support from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada new series have been added over time and are available here in MS Excel spreadsheets.

Each data series for a commodity contains the source of the figures, the numbers reported in the indicated published source, and prices in grams of silver per litre. The conversions are based on the known quantity of silver in the relevant coinage and the size of the current measure used. For more complex conversions there is a data file with the silver amounts in the specific coins reported in the price series. Where the measures of the commodities were by weight rather than by volume the specific gravity of the grain is assumed to have been 0.8. Adjustments have been made where measures were heaped, that is not leveled to the size of a standard measure. Where different assumptions or conversions were used in order to generate the price series in grams of silver per litre there is an indication in the citation for the specific data series. A separate set of MS Excel files give the conversions used for various currencies to generate prices in grams of silver.

The raw data allow for manipulation or other conversions by anyone who wishes to exploit them in this form. The measures of grams of silver per litre make possible comparisons of the price series over time and across political boundaries. Having the figures in both forms should save duplication of the effort of transferring data to a digital format and make available the products of extensive research on price history by a number of scholars, done largely in the middle of the twentieth century as part of an international project.

The collection of price series is not complete. We would welcome any additions or suggestions for links to other price series from Europe or elsewhere in the World. We also welcome any corrections or suggestions for changes in the material now posted. Please contact us with any comments: bob.allen@nuffield.oxford.ac.uk or richard.unger@ubc.ca

We are grateful to the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council and the University of British Columbia for financial and logistical support. We are also grateful to Shannon Parker and Stephanie McWhinnie for all they did to gather and record the data. Our thanks also go to Judy Maxwell for her extensive work in developing Internet access to the Database and to Yves de Roo and the rest of the staff of the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Study and to Don McLenaghen for the latest contribution to making this data available to anyone who might want to use it

(A Chabert) (Essai sur les mouvements des prix en France de 1798 à 1820) (Paris:1945)
(A Friis and K Glamann) (A History of Prices and Wages in Denmark-1660-1800-vol I) ( London: Longmans Green and Co. 1958)(Copenhagen)
(A. C. Hanauer) (Etudes economiques sur l'alsace ancienne et moderne) (Paris: 1878)
(A.F. Pribram) (Materialien zur Geschichte der Preise und Loehne in Oesterreich  Band I) (Vienna: Carl Ueberreuters 1938) 
(A.F. Pribram) (Materialien zur geshichte der preise und lohne in Osterreich) (Vienna: Carl Ueberreuters Verlag-1938)
(AJS Gibson and TC Smout) (Prices food and wages in Scotland 1550-1780) (Cambridge University Press: 1995)
(Alberto Pardo) (Geografía económica y humana de Colombia) (Bogotá: Ediciones Tercer Mundo-1972)
(Aldo de Maddalena) (Prezzi e Mercedi a Milano dal 1701 al 1860) (Milano: Banca Commerciale Italiana-1974)
(Amintore Fanfani) (Indagini sulla: rivoluzione dei prezzi) (Milano Societa Editrice-Vita e Pensiero-1940 )
(Antonio Petino) (I prezzi del grano dell'orzo dell'olio del vino del cacio a Caania dal 1512 al 1630) (Studi in onore di Gino Luzzatto) (Milan: 1950)
(Archives des hôpitaux de Paris: Saint-Jacques-aux-Pèlerins-Comptes)
(Armand Husson) (Les consommations de Paris) (Paris: 1875)
(Armando de Ramón and José Manuel Larraín) (Orígenes de la vida económica chilena) (Santiago: Centro de Estudios Públicos-1982)
(Author Unknown) (Movimento dei prezzi di alcuni generi alimentari dal 1862 al 1885) (Rome: 1886)
(B. Bennassar) (Valladolid au Siecle d'or: une ville de Castile et sa campagne au XVIe siecle) (Paris: Mouton & Co-1967)
(B. R. Mitchell) (Abstract of British Historical Statistics) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press-1971)
(C.A. Verrijn Stuart) (Marktprijzen van Granen te Arnhem in de jaren 1544-1901) (Bijdragen tot de Statistiek van Nederland new series vol. 26-1903)
(Carlo M. Cipolla)( Studi di storia della moneta) (Pavia: Università de Pavia-1948)
(Carroll D. Wright) (Historical Review of Wages and Prices 1752-1860)-(Ruth Crandall) (Wholesale Commodity Prices in Boston during the Eighteenth Century)
(Charles de La Roncière) (Prix et Salaires à Florence au XIVe Siècle 1280-1380) (Palais Farnèse: Ecole Française de Rome-1982)
(Charles Guyot) (Essai sur l'aisance relative du paysan lorrain à partir du XVe siècle) ( Mémoires de l'Académie de Stanislas-Series 5-6) (1888)
(D. Dezso-Zimányi Vera) (Soproni Árak És Bérek a Középkortól 1750-IG) (Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó-1989)
(D. Ebeling and F. Irsigler) (Getreideumsatz Getreide und Brotpreise in Kaaln 1368-1797) (Cologne:1977)
(David Ringrose and Earl J. Hamilton)
(Domenico Sella) (Salari e lavoro nell'edilizia lombarda durante il secolo XVII) (Pavia: 1968)
(Donald R. Adams Jr.) (Prices and Wages in Antebellum America: The West Virginia Experience) (Journal of Economic History 52-01) (March 1992)
(Donald R. Adams Jr.) (Prices and Wages in Maryland - 1750-1850) (Journal of Economic History 46-03) (September 1986)
(Earl J. Hamilton) (American Treasure and the Price Revolution in Spain - 1501-1650) (Cambridge: 1934)
(Earl J. Hamilton) (American Treasure and the Price Revolution in Spain - 1501-1650) (New York: Octagon Books-1965)
(Earl J. Hamilton) (Money Prices and Wages in Valencia Aragon and Navarre-1351-1500) (Cambridge: Harvard University Press -1936) 
(Earl J. Hamilton) (Money Prices and Wages in Valencia Aragon and Navarre-1351-1500) (philadelphia: Porcupine Press-1975)
(Earl J. Hamilton) (War and Prices in Spain 1651-1800) (New York:  Russell & Russel-1969)
(Edward Tomaszewski) (Ceny w Krakowie w Latach 1601-1795) (Lwow: 1934)
(Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie) (Les paysans de languedoc Vol II Annexes Sources Graphiques) (Paris: SEVPEN 1966)
(Enrique Florescano) (Precios del maíz y crisis agrícolas en México) (Mexico: Ediciones)
(Enriqueta Quiroz) (Entre el lujo y la subsistencia: Mercado abastecimiento y precios de la carne en la ciudad de México 1750-1812) (Mexico: El Colegio de México 2005)
(Ernest Labrousse-Ruggiero Romano- F. G. Dreyfus) (Les prix du froment en france au temps de la monnaie stable 1726-1913) (Paris: 1970)
(Ernst Labrousse) (Esquisse du mouvment des prix et des revenus en France au XVIIIe siècle) (Paris: 1933- reprint-Montreux-1984)
(G. Avondts-P. Scholliers) (De Gentse Textielarbeiders in de 19e en 20e Eeuw dossier 5) (Brussels: Centrum voor Hedendaagse Sociale Geschiedenis-1977)
(G. Hansson) (Corn sold from church tithes. Prices in Östergötland during Sweden's period as a great power) (Umeå studies in economic history No34-2006) (ISBN 91-7264-098-7 ISSN 0347-254-X)
(Gabriele Lombardini) (Pane e denaro a Bassano tra il 1501 e il 1799) (Venice: Neri Pozza Editore-1963)
(Gaspar Feliu) (Precios y Salarios en la Cataluña Moderna) (Banco de España: 1991)
(Georges D'Avenel) (Histoire économique de la propriété des salaires des denrées et de tous les prix en général depuis l'an 1200 jusqu'en l'an 1800 par le vicomte G. d'Avenel) (Paris: 1894-1926- reprint  Lenox Hil:1969)
(Georges Freche and Genevieve Freche) (Les prix des grains des vins et des legumes a Toulouse-1486-1868) (Paris: Presses Universitaires de France 1967)
(Gerard Sivery) (Structures Agraires et Vie Rurale Dans Le Hainaut A La Fin Du Moyen Age Volume 2) (Lille: Presses Universitaires de Lille-1977)
(Gian Luigi Basini) (Sul Mercato di Modena Tra Cinque e Seicento: Prezzi e Salari) (Milano: Dott. A Giuffré-1974)
(Giuseppe Parenti) (Prezzi e mercato del grano a Siena 1546-1765) (Facolta di Economia e Commercio XIX-Casa Editrice del Dott. Carlo CYA) (Florence:Universia degli studi di Firenze-1942)
(Giuseppe Parenti) (Prezzi e salari a Firenze dal 1520 al 1620 in I prezzi in Europa dal XIII secole a oggi) (Ruggiero Romano-ed) (Torino: 1967)
(Giuseppe Parenti) (Prince richeerche sulla rivoluzione dei prezzi in Firenze) ( Firenze: Casa Editrice del Dott. Carlo CYA)
(Government of Bulgaria) (Annuaire Statistique du Royaume de Bulgarie-Quatrieme Annee 1912) (Sophia: Imprimerie de L'Etat-1915)
(Government of Bulgaria) (Annuaire Statistique du Royaume de Bulgarie-Troisieme Annee 1911) (Sophia: Imprimerie de L'Etat-1914)
(Government of France)  (Archives nationales:H3 2785/59-62-65:Collège de Beauvais)
(Government of France) (Annuaire Statisttique de la France. Quinzieme Volume 1892-1893-1894) (Paris: Imprimerie Nationale-1894)
(Government of France) (Archives nationales:H3 2445: Collège Louis-le-Grand)
(Government of France) (Archives nationales:H3 2552/A:Collège Louis le Grand)
(Government of France) (Archives nationales:H3 2552/A:Collèges de Reims)
(Government of France) (Archives nationales:H3 2552/A:Collèges de Tours)
(Government of France) (Archives nationales:H3 2785/9-15-18-20-21:Collège de Beauvais)
(Government of India) (Calcutta: Office of the Superintendent of Government Printing-various years)
(Government of Japan) (Financial and Economic Annual of Japan) (TOKYO: DEPT. OF FINANCE GPO) (various years)
(Government of the United Kingdom) (House of Commons Parliamentary Papers 1826-27-Vol. XVI)
(Gregory Clark) (The Long March of History: Farm Wages Population and Economic Growth - England 1209-1869) (Economic History Review Vol60 No1-2007) (p97-135)-(Gregory Clark) (The Price History of English Agriculture 1209-1914) (Research in Economic Histor
(Guiseppe Mira) (Contributo per una storia dei prezzi)
(Henri Hauser) (Recherches et Documents sur l'histoire des prix en France de 1500 a 1800) (Paris: Les Presses Modernes-1936)
(Henri Hauser) (Recherches et Documents sur l'histoire des prix en France de 1500 a 1800) (Paris: Les Presses Modernes-1936-Slatkine Reprints 1985)
(Herman van der Wee) (The Growth of the Antwerp Market and the European Economy) (The Hague: Nijhoff-1963)
(J. Pelc) (Ceny W Gdansku w XVI I XVII Wieku) (Lwow: 1937)
(J. Pelc) (Ceny W Krakowie w Latach 1369-1600) (Lwow: 1935)
(JA Sillem) (Tabellen van Marktprijzen van Granen te Utrecht in de Jaren 1393 to 1644) (Amsterdam: Johannes Muller-1901)
(James E. Thorold Rogers) (A History of Agriculture and Prices in England) (Oxford: Clarendon Press)
(Jeanne Singer-Kérel) (Le coût de la vie à Paris de 1840 à 1954) (Paris:1961)
(Jim Galloway) (PRO Class SC6 & VCH unpublished notes)
(Kendall W. Brown) (Price Movements in 18th Century Peru: Arequipa) (Essays in the Price History of 18th Century Latin America) (Lyman Johnson-Enrique Tandeter-eds.)(Albuquerque: UNM Press-1990)
(Lennart Jorberg) (A History of Prices in Sweden 1732-1914 Vol I) (Lund: CWK Gleerup 1972)
(Lois Carr and Lorena Walsh) (The Chesapeake: A Multidisciplinary Case Study) (The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation: Provisioning Early American Towns)
(Lyman L. Johnson) (The Price History of Buenos Aires during the Viceregal Period) (Essays in the Price History of 18th Century Latin America) (Johnson and Enrique Tandeter-eds.) (Albuquerque: UNM Press-1990)
(M. E. Levasseur) (Les prix: Aperçu de l'histoire économique de la valeur et du revenu de la terre en France du commencement du XIIIe siècle à la fin du XVIIIe siècle) (Paris: 1893)
(M. Gorkiewicz) (Ceny w Krakowie w Latach 1796-1914) (Poznan: Nakladem Poznanskiego Towarzystwa Przyjaciol Nauk-1950)
(M. Wolanski) (Ceny we Wroclawiu w Latach 1506-1618) (Wroclaw: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wroclawskiego-1996)
(M. Wolanski) (Ceny Zboza I Jego Przetworoe Oraz Owocow I Warzyw we Wroclawiu w Latach 1506-1618) (Wroclaw: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wroclawskiego-1993)
(M.J. Elsas) (Umriss einer Geschichte der Preise und Loehne in Deutschland vom ausgehenden mittelalter bis zum beginn des neunzehnten jahrunderts. Vol. I- II) (Leiden: Uitgeversmaatschappij NV-1936) 
(M.J. Elsas) (Umriss einer Geschichte der Preise und Loehne in Deutschland. Vol. I) (Leiden: A.W. Sijthoff's-1936)
(M.J. Elsas) (Umriss einer geschichte der preise und lohne in Deutschland vom Ausgehender mittelalter bis zum beginn des neunzehnten jahrhunderts I) (Leiden: 1936)
(M.N. Popa) (La Circulation Monétaire et L'Évolution des Prix en Valachie) (Bucarest: Association Internationale d'études du Sud-Est Europeén - 1978)
(Marcel Lachiver) (Vin vigne et vignerons en région parisienne du XVIIe au XIXe siècle) (Pontoise: 1982)
(Marie Jeanne Tits-Dieuaide) (La formation des prix cerealiers en Brabant et en Flandre au XVe siecle) (Bruxelles: Editions de l'Universite de Bruxelles-1975)
(Masahiro Kimura) (La Revolución de los precios en la cuenca del pacífico 1600-1650) (Mexico City: Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico-1987)
(Micheline Baulant) (Le prix des grains a Paris de 1431 a 1788) (Annales Economies Societes Civilisations 23: 3) (Paris: 1968)
(Micheline Baulant) (Le prix des grains à Paris de 1431 à 1788) (Annales: E.S.C. v. 23  n. 3) (Paris:1968)
(Micheline Baulant) (Le prix des grains à Paris de 1431 à 1788) (Annales: E.S.C. v. 23  n. 3) (Paris:1968)
(Micheline Baulant-Jean Meuvret) (Prix des céréales extraits de la mercuriale de Paris 1520-1698) (Paris: 1960-2)
(Miguel Glave and Luisa Remy) (Estructura agraria y vida rural en una región andina) (Cusco: Centro Bartolomé de las Casas 1983)
(Mio Kishimoto) (Price and Economic Changes in Qing China) (Tokyo: Kenbun Publishing-1997)
(Mitsui Bunko) (Trends of Major Prices in Early Modern Japan) (Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press-1989)
(Mitsui Bunko) (Trends of Major Prices in Early Modern Japan) (Tokyo: University of Tokyo Press-1989)
(Moritz J. Elsas) (Umriss einer Geschichte der Preise und Lohne in Deutschland vom ausgehenden mittelalter bis zum beginn des neunzehnten jahrhunderts) (Leiden: A.W. Sijthoff's Uitgeversmaatschappij N.V.-1936)
(N. W. Posthumus) (Inquiry into the history of Prices in Holland) (Leiden:Brill Publishers-1964)
(N.F. Faraglia) (Storia dei prezzi in napoli dal 1131 al 1860) (Atti del R. Istituto d'Incoraggiamento alle Scienze naturali Economiche e Technologiche di napoli-2nd serie-Tomo XV) (Naples:1878)
(N.G. Butlin-J Ginswick and P. Statham) (The Economy Before 1850) (Australian Historical Statistics-Wray Vampley-ed.) (Broadway: Fairfax Syme & Weldon Associates-1987)
(P. C. Mancall and J. L. Rosenbloom  and T. Weiss) (Slave Prices and the South Carolina Economy 1722-1809) (Journal of Economic History 61) (Cambridge: Economic History Association 2001)
(Paolo Malanima) (Aspetti di mercato e prezzi del grano e della segale a Pisa dal 1548 al 1818) (Ricerche di storia moderna  I) (Pisa: Pacini-1976)
(Paolo Malanima) (L'economia italiana: dalla crescita medievale alla crescita contemporanea) (Bologna: Società editrice il Mulino-2002)
(Peng Xinwei) (Monetary History of China) (Shanghai:Quanlian Publishing 1957)
(Peter Shergold) (Prices and Consumption) (Australian Historical Statistics-Wray Vampley-ed.) (Broadway: Fairfax Syme & Weldon Associates-1987) (p222)
(Philip T. Hoffman) (Growth in a Traditional Society: The Paris Countryside 1450-1815) (Princeton: 1996)
(Philip T. Hoffman) (Growth in a Traditional Society: The Paris Countryside 1450-1815) (Princeton: 1996)
(R. Klimpert) (Lexikon der Muenzen Masse Gewichte Zaehlarten und Zeitgroessen aller Laender der Erde) (Graz: Akademische Druck-1972)
(Rafael Barquín) (Precios de trigo e índices de consumo en España 1765-1883) (Burgos: Universidad de Burgos-2001)
(René Baehrel) (Une croissance: La Basse Provence rurale de la fin du  VIe siècle à 1789) (Paris: SEVPEN-1961)
(René Baehrel) (Une croissance: La basse provence rurale de la fin du XVIe siècle à 1789) (Paris:1961)(reedition-1988)
(René Baehrel) (Une Crossance: La Basse Provence rurale de la fin du  XVIe siecle-1789) (Paris: SEVPEN 1961)
(Richard A. Goldthwaite) (The Building of Renaissance Florence) (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press-1980)
(Richard Gascon) (Grand commerce et vie urbaine au XVIe siècle: Lyon et ses marchands) (Paris: 1971)
(Richard Unger)
(S.Carter-S.Gartner-M.Haines- A.Olmstead-R.Sutch and G. Wright-eds.) (Historical Statistics of the United States- Millennial Edition) (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press-2006)
(San Pedro Telmo convent archives)
(Sevket Pamuk) (Prices and wages in Istanbul 1469-1914) (pamuk@boun.edu.tr )
(Stanislaw Hoszowski) (Ceny we Lwowie w XVI - XVII weiku) (Lwow: 1928)
(Stanislaw Siegel) (Ceny w Warszawie w latch 1701-1815-Vol. 1) (Lwow: 1936)
(T.M. Adams) (Vermont Agricultural Experiment Station Bulletin 507 Supplement) (Vermont: Feb 1944)
(T.P. Meng and S.D. Gamble) (Prices Wages and the Standard of Living in Peking 1900-1924) (Peking: Chinese Social and Political Science Association-1926)
(T.P. Meng-S.D. Gamble) (Prices Wages and the Standard of Living in Peking 1900-1924) (Peking: Chinese Social and Political Science Association-1926)
(Tadeusz Furtak) (Ceny W Gdansku W Latach 1701-1815) (Lwow: 1935)
(Torben Damsholt) (Some Observations on four Series of Tuscan Corn Prices - 1520-1630) (Scandinavian Economic History Review 12-1964)
(TS Ashton) (Economic Fluctuation in England 1700-1800) (Oxford: Clarendon Press-1959)
(Ursula Hauschild) (Studian su Laahnen und Preisen in Rostock im Speetmittelalter) (Cologne:Beehlau Verlag-1973)
(V. Magalhaes Godinho) (Prix et Monnaies au Portugal 1750-1850) (Paris: Librairie Armand Colin-1955)
(W. Adamczyk) (Ceny w Lublinie od XVI do konca XVIII wieku) (Lwow:1935)
(W. Adamczyk) (Ceny w Warszawie w XVI - XVII wieku) (Lwow: 1938)
(William I. Davisson) (Essex County Price Trends: Money and Markets in 17th Century)

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