History 419 (201) Crime and Punishment in Canadian History
The way that societies understand crime, use criminal law to structure deviance and difference, and develop regimes to punish them reveals much about how those societies work. This course examines these connections between law and society by looking at crime and punishment in northern North America from the French colonial period until the era of the Canadian Charter of Rights. It focuses in particular on the intersection of legal traditions and notions of sovereignty and criminality among French, English, and aboriginal people, how constructions of deviance incorporated beliefs about race, religion, gender, and sexuality, and the development of regimes of punishment such as the death penalty and the penitentiary. Evaluations will be based on written work, active participation in discussion sessions, and a final exam.