Examples

The following basic citation examples are presented in MLA Style, and provide both the correct footnote/endnote format and the correct bibliographic entry format. These entries reflect the format required for the first time such sources are cited. Subsequent citations may be simplified. See the following page in this section. Remember, your paper must provide bibliographic citations for quotations, etc. in the form of footnotes or endnotes, and a comprehensive, alphabetized bibliography at the end of the paper. The entries below reflect the correct format for each of these types.

Book by a single author, Co-authors, or a Corporation

Footnote or Endnote:
Author's first and last names, Title of the Book (City of publication and abbreviation for state, province, or country: publisher, year) page number.
e.g. 3Stanley Karnow, Vietnam – A History: The First Complete Account of Vietnam at War (New York, NY: Penguin Books, 1983) 169.

Bibliography:
Author's last name, first name/name of corporation. Title of the Book. City of publication and abbreviation for state, province, or country: publisher, year.
e.g. Karnow, Stanley. Vietnam – A History: The First Complete Account of Vietnam at War. New York, NY: Penguin Books, 1983.

Journal Articles and Periodicals without continuous pagination (each volume begins at page 1)

Footnote or Endnote:
Author's first and last names, "Title of the Article," Title of the Periodical Volume number. Issue number.(year): page number.
e.g. 4Daqing Yang, “A Sino-Japanese Controversy: The Nanjing Atrocity as History,” Sino-Japanese Studies 3. 1 (1990): 31.

Bibliography:
Author's last name, first name. "Title of the Article." Title of the Periodical. Volume number. Issue number. (year): first page number- last page number.
e.g. Yang, Daqing. “A Sino-Japanese Controversy: The Nanjing Atrocity as History.” Sino-Japanese Studies 3. 1 (1990): 14-35.

Article or Chapter in a Collected Work, Anthology, or Compendium

Footnote or Endnote:
Author's first and last names, "Title of the Work," Title of the Anthology, editor(s)./company. first and last names (City of publication and abbreviation for state, province, or country: publisher, year) page number.
e.g. 5Ramon H. Myers, “The Agrarian System,” The Cambridge History of China, eds. John K. Fairbank & Albert Feuerwerker (New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1986) 233.

Bibliography:
Author's last name, first name. "Title of the Work." Title of the Anthology editor(s)./company./translator. first and last names. City of publication and abbreviation for state, province, or country: publisher, year.
e.g. Myers, Ramon H. “The Agrarian System.” The Cambridge History of China. eds. John K. Fairbank & Albert Feuerwerker. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 1986.

Online Sources, E-journals

Footnote or Endnote:
Author's first and last names (if given), Text Title ed. Editor's first and last names (City of publication and abbreviation for state, province, or country: publisher, month, year), Title of the Site, online, name of supporting/publishing institution, date of access.
e.g. 6H. Joseph Carnie, Talking to the Centre: Different Voices in the Intellectual History of The Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies (CCCS) ed. Alison Jeppesen (Saskatoon, SK: University of Saskatchewan, Spring, 2002), Gateway, online, University of Saskatchewan, December 8, 2002.

Bibliography:
Author's last name, first name (if given). Text Title. ed. Editor's first and last name. City of publication and abbreviation for state, province, or country: publisher, month, year, Title of the Site. Online. Name of supporting/publishing institution. Date of access.
e.g. Carnie, H. Joseph. Talking to the Centre: Different Voices in the Intellectual History of The Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies (CCCS). ed. Alison Jeppesen.  Saskatoon, SK: University of Saskatchewan, Spring, 2002), Gateway. Online. University of Saskatchewan. December 8, 2002

Note: There is a wide variety of internet sources, and many will not feature all of the publication details cited above. It is your responsibility to ensure that any online sources you have used are accurately cited. For a complete listing of online source citation formats, consult the MLA homepage at www.mla.org, or the MLA Handbook, which can be purchased online, or found in the Reference section of Koerner Library under the following call number: B.2369.M63 1995. As a general rule, you should strive to make your citations for internet sources as detailed and comprehensive as possible. The site address, or URL, and the date of consultation are critical details that should not be left out.

Government Publications

Footnote or Endnote:

Government and agency, Title of the Publication (City of publication and abbreviation for state, province, or country: publisher, year) page number.
e.g. 6Government of the Province of British Columbia, Health and Welfare Services. Proceedings of Staff Conference, Health and Welfare Services (Vancouver, B.C.: Provincial Secretary, 1937) 28.

Bibliography:

Government and agency. Title of the Publication. City of publication and abbreviation for state, province, or country: publisher, year.
e.g. Government of the Province of British Columbia, Health and Welfare Services. Proceedings of Staff Conference, Health and Welfare Services. Vancouver, B.C.: Provincial Secretary, 1937.

This is a basic listing of citation and bibliographic entries for only a few types of sources, and there is a wide variety of materials not listed here. Consult the MLA Handbook for a complete listing (see above).