How has the physical environment shaped human history? How, in turn, have different people envisaged, regulated, and transformed their environments, and with what consequences? More fundamentally, how have different peoples conceptualized the boundary between "nature" and "culture" over time and to what ends? The interdisciplinary field of environmental history explores the relationships among peoples and places, bridging the local and global by drawing on literature in the history of science and technology, anthropology, geography, law, and the natural sciences. Current faculty research encompasses the intertwined effects of migration, communism, and industrial modernity on the human and natural environments of central Europe; the social and environmental effects of hydroelectric development in Canada and the reconfiguration of place in the postwar expansion of the Canadian welfare state; and indigenous environmental histories, ecological imperialism, food systems, and urban landscapes.