Some Problems in Chinese Organizational Development in Canada, 1923-1937

TitleSome Problems in Chinese Organizational Development in Canada, 1923-1937
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1979
AuthorsWickberg, E
JournalCanadian Ethnic Studies/Etudes Ethniques au Canada
ISBN Number0008-3496
Keywords1923-1937, article, Canada, Canada/Canadian/Canadians, China/Chinese, Chinese organizational development, Development/Developments, M. Freedman's model, Organization/Organizations/ Organizational/ Organize/ Organizers/ Organized/ Organizing, problems

Four questions relating to M. Freedman's general model of overseas Chinese associational development ('Immigrants and Associations: Chinese in Nineteenth-Century Singapore' in Immigrants and Associations, Fallars, L. A. , The Hague: Mouton, 1967) are considered using historical data on Chinese Canadians: (1) why community mediating associations exist in some communities of less complexity & size than others where they do not exist, (2) why there was a great proliferation of Chinese schools in Canada during the 1920s & 1930s, (3) the proliferation of theater groups in the 1920s & 1930s, & (4) the continued development of Canadian Chinese organizations in the 1920s & 1930s despite stability. The answers to these questions indicate that the Freedman model should be broadened to include relationships between community & environment & the continuing relations between Canadian Chinese communities & China. The historical context of both the host community & China also need to be considered. 4 Tables. M. Migalski.