Fluctuations in sex and age ratios in the transatlantic slave trade: 1663 - 1864

TitleFluctuations in sex and age ratios in the transatlantic slave trade: 1663 - 1864
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1993
AuthorsEltis, D
JournalThe economic history review
Volume46
Pagination308-323
ISBN Number0013-0117
Keywords1663-1864, 17th century AD, Afrika, Amerika, History, J GY ECONOMICS, J MR HISTORY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, Sklaverei, Slave trade
Abstract

Data from the last two centuries of the Atlantic slave trade are used to assess the factors responsible for the sex and age of Africans entering the slave trade. Such patterns do notappear very different from those observed in other long-distance migrations. In the Americas the results are consistent with a relatively undifferentiated demand for plantation labour. While there is much evidence of distinct regional characteristics on the African side, changes in trading costs were also important in explaining changes over time, at least in age patterns. A systematic relationship is indicated between the age and sex of captives and the volume of slaves shipped.; Data from the last two centuries of the Atlantic slave trade are used to assess the factors responsible for the sex and age of Africans entering the slave trade. Such patterns do not appear very different from those observed in other long-distance migrations. In the Americas the results are consistent with a relatively undifferentiated demand for plantation labour. While there is much evidence of distinct regional characteristics on the African side, changes in trading costs were also important in explaining changes over time, at least in age patterns. A systematic relationship is indicated between the age and sex of captives and the volume of slaves shipped.