Cadets, Curfews, and Compulsory Schooling: Mobilizing Anglophone Children in WWII Montreal

TitleCadets, Curfews, and Compulsory Schooling: Mobilizing Anglophone Children in WWII Montreal
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsMyers, T, Poutanen, MA
JournalHistoire sociale/Social History
Volume38
Pagination367-398
ISBN Number0018-2257
Keywordsarticle, Children, Compulsory Participation, Educational Policy, Montreal, Quebec, Social Control, World War II
Abstract

The early 1940s constituted an important moment for youth in Quebec as social policy brought childhood & adolescence into sharper focus & the regulation of young people's behaviour expanded in the name of the wartime emergency. Measures for the mobilization & discipline of children were fuelled by images of absent fathers, working mothers, & latch-key children, combined with the dramatically rising juvenile delinquency rate. Legislation mandating compulsory schooling & a curfew for juveniles permitted the state & its agencies to train & constrain children & youth at a moment when parental guidance & surveillance were ostensibly at their lowest point. Protestant schools directed coercive strategies & protective measures at school-age children in an exaggerated effort to create good children & patriotic citizens. Tables. Adapted from the source document.