|Title||Cadets, Curfews, and Compulsory Schooling: Mobilizing Anglophone Children in WWII Montreal|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Authors||Myers, T, Poutanen, MA|
|Journal||Histoire sociale/Social History|
|Keywords||article, Children, Compulsory Participation, Educational Policy, Montreal, Quebec, Social Control, World War II|
The early 1940s constituted an important moment for youth in Quebec as social policy brought childhood & adolescence into sharper focus & the regulation of young people's behaviour expanded in the name of the wartime emergency. Measures for the mobilization & discipline of children were fuelled by images of absent fathers, working mothers, & latch-key children, combined with the dramatically rising juvenile delinquency rate. Legislation mandating compulsory schooling & a curfew for juveniles permitted the state & its agencies to train & constrain children & youth at a moment when parental guidance & surveillance were ostensibly at their lowest point. Protestant schools directed coercive strategies & protective measures at school-age children in an exaggerated effort to create good children & patriotic citizens. Tables. Adapted from the source document.