Black, Brown, or White? Color-Coding American Commercial Rice Cultivation with Slave Labor

TitleBlack, Brown, or White? Color-Coding American Commercial Rice Cultivation with Slave Labor
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsEltis, D, Morgan, P, Richardson, D
JournalThe American Historical Review
Volume115
Pagination164-171
ISBN Number0002-8762
KeywordsAgricultural management, American history, Blacks, CRITICISM, History, Responses, Rice, Slavery
Abstract

  Ellis et al answer the specific criticisms of S. Max Edelson, Walter Hawthorne, and Gwendolyn Midlo Hall and defend their own methodology and analysis. They begin by challenging once again the assumption that agriculture was established in the Americas by African slaves, claiming that the evidence they have assembled makes this a doubtful proposition. They insist, however, that their analysis is not meant to undermine claims for African slaves' agency. They conclude that they sought to place transatlantic slavery in an Atlantic context and to remind readers how imbalances in power between the enslaved and their owners molded the history of emergent American plantation societies under the influence of changing market conditions.