|Title||Black, Brown, or White? Color-Coding American Commercial Rice Cultivation with Slave Labor|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2010|
|Authors||Eltis, D, Morgan, P, Richardson, D|
|Journal||The American Historical Review|
|Keywords||Agricultural management, American history, Blacks, CRITICISM, History, Responses, Rice, Slavery|
Ellis et al answer the specific criticisms of S. Max Edelson, Walter Hawthorne, and Gwendolyn Midlo Hall and defend their own methodology and analysis. They begin by challenging once again the assumption that agriculture was established in the Americas by African slaves, claiming that the evidence they have assembled makes this a doubtful proposition. They insist, however, that their analysis is not meant to undermine claims for African slaves' agency. They conclude that they sought to place transatlantic slavery in an Atlantic context and to remind readers how imbalances in power between the enslaved and their owners molded the history of emergent American plantation societies under the influence of changing market conditions.